Diet Tips for Thyroid Patients- What, Why’s and How’s Questions Resolved

Diet Tips for Thyroid Patients

What: — Defining the Thyroid Gland

Your thyroid gland is a 2 inch butterfly shaped organ or let’s mention thermostat that regulates the energy of your entire body. It controls everything from your mood to about thousands of other biological functions.


It plays a major role in regulating body temperature, blood calcium levels, menstrual cycles, fat and carbs metabolism, brain development and cholesterol levels and many more. Now you might have understood how important would be the role of proper diet for thyroid patients! Before unfolding your list of healthy food let’s get acquainted with the most common forms of thyroid. This will help you to land on right diet plan. Look here..

The Why Question: — Narrowing Down the Most Common Form of Thyroid Problems

Many nutritional factors play their role in optimizing thyroid function. However, both nutrient deficiencies and excesses can trigger or exacerbate symptoms.


  • Hypothyroidism: It can also be referred as under functioning of the thyroid gland which eventually prevents the thyroid from releasing adequate levels of the hormones T3 and T4, which are extremely vital to keep the body functioning properly. The lack of these hormones can slow down metabolism, energy and lead to weight gain, fatigue, dry skin and hair, infertility, joint pain and difficulty in concentrating.
  • Hyperthyroidism: Also known as overactive or over functioning of thyroid gland causes the thyroid gland to produce high levels of T3 and T4. Symptoms of hyperthyroidism or its raised levels can lead to sudden weight loss, high blood pressure, diarrhea, and a rapid heartbeat.
  • Auto-immune forms of under and over-active thyroid: It occurs due to nutritional deficiencies to infection and inflammation (thyroiditis).

How: The Treatment Part – The Right Diet Tips for Thyroid Patients

~Foods, Supplements, and Medication Interactions



  • Hypothyroidism: Here is your diet tip for combating thyroid problems
    • Antioxidant-rich fruits and vegetables: Embrace foods rich in antioxidants like blueberries, tomatoes, bell peppers that can improvise overall health and directly benefit the thyroid gland.
    • Herbal Supplements: Patients with hypothyroidism should choose the use of some plants extracts like ashwagandha (Withania somnifera), guggul (Commiphora mukul), and other herbal teas.
    • Selenium-rich foods: These types of food are needed for enzymes that make thyroid hormone to work properly. Selenium-rich foods may include sunflower seeds or Brazil nuts. You can also choose protein-rich food and follow a healthy lifestyle.

Also refer the following handy infographic:


  • Hyperthyroidism: Here is a list of food/fruits that you can safely juice and eat: 
  • Berries– Strawberries to blueberries to raspberries choice is yours. Berries pack a powerful punch of antioxidants, which helps in keeping the immune system strong. 
  • Broccoli—This cruciferous veggie is the part of goitrogen family; which helps in minimizing the amount of thyroid hormone releases. Not a fan of broccoli? Try out other veggie like cauliflower or cabbage and take its serving at least one time in a day. But do not eat them raw. 
  • Salmon: A vitamin D and omega 3 rich supplement. It is an imperative nutrient that works with Calcium to combat bone loss. You can also take eggs and mushroom for vitamin D. And walnuts, olive oil, and flaxseed oil for getting vitamin omega-3s. 
  • Dairy food: You should essentially include cheese, milk, and yogurt to make your bones stronger. As they are rich in Calcium and untreated hyperthyroidism leads to weaker bones. So, it’s a must have. 

Bonus Tip: Eat lots of seasonal fruits as it helps in improving the thyroid disorder.

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